what are violins made of

What are violins made of-It is the best information to buy

Everyone loves music. Yeah, I know,80% of people will give a positive reply. But do you know composing a song with all musical instruments is the most formidable job? Well, the violin makes the task easier. You can easily compose a song with it. But before that, don’t you want to know what violins are made of?

Yes, it is an efficient question, but you should have to know your instrument properly as a musician. That’s why today, I am writing about the ins and out of the violin. Here you will get to know what are the different part of a Violin and what are violins made of.

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on pinterest
Share on reddit

Initial words for making a violin

Making a violin is a time-consuming process. An exemplary dedication and hard labor are necessary to make the instrument.  From the manufacturing company to your hand, a violin requires delicate craftsmanship and expert techniques. Even today, when many beginner violins are made in factories, the violin maker is genuinely revered.

A typical violin is composed of a body known as the corpus, mainly consists of a neck, a bridge, a fingerboard, four or five strings, and a soundpost. You may find that the instrument includes various fittings like the tailpiece, the tuning pegs, and endpin. Additionally, a  chinrest is also attached to the violin. If you don’t have it, then please give it a check. It is either over the tailpiece or to the left of it.

So it’s high time to tell you about the total procedure. First, let’s start with a list of how I have organized the whole article for you about what violins are made.

Related Article

The Material of Violin

There is a proverb that its material knows an ideal product. So I think now the importance of the best material for a high-quality violin is crystal clear. No doubt that the violin is mainly a wooden instrument, all of its parts are made of various wood species. Generally, most parts of the violin – such as its back, ribs, and neck – are made of quarter-sawn maple wood. Though nowadays different companies are using oak woods. But keep in mind that they are not a high-end brand.

On the other hand, maple wood has a traditional value. From the first day of the violin invention, maple wood was the priority. But for excellent output, The species of the maple wood should have a good density and figure. However, the top portion, where the strings are attached to the violin, is typically made of spruce wood. Simultaneously, the end blocks, corners, and linings and make up the internal parts of most of the violin are usually made from spruce or willow. They are water-resistant with scratch resistance quality.

On the other hand, the fingerboard is made of ebony. You may be get confused after knowing that fingerboard or the bodies aren’t the same materials. There is a strong technical reason behind it. Because musicians frequently use the fingerboards while playing, the manufacturers choose it to withstand the constant hammering of the violinist’s fingers.

At the same time, bridges are typically made from maple. One more thing, Its purfling can be constructed with a variety of wood or fiber, or a combination of both. The other fittings are either made of rosewood, ebony, or boxwood.

I hope you have got the preliminary answer to your question. Now, let us dive into the other parts and know-how these parts are constructed.

Body of the Violin

The body is the most significant part of the violin. It is built using two arched plates that are fastened to the ribs with animal hide glue. The interesting fact is that You can quickly check the ribs on the violin’s side while you are playing with it.

The ribs comprise four corner blocks: a top league, narrow strips called linings, and a bottom union. The body should show a distinct shape formed by a lower bout and an upper bout. Two concave attacks can be found between each side’s corners from the figure’s waist to provide clearance for the bow.

When you look at The top of the violin, two soundholes are resembling a stylized letter f. These holes are placed strategically between the bouts and lower corners to balance the sound production. The placement of such sound holes should be precise because they affect the top’s flex patterns, allowing the box to breathe as it vibrates.

The purfling, which is an inlaid set of narrow wooden strips, runs around the top of the violin’s edge. It helps give resistance to the cracks that might originate at the border and provides the violin with a stylish look. And this is the main reason why listeners don’t get bored with the continuous sound. Moreover, the purfling also allows the top portion of the violin to flex more independently.

Finally, now this is time to talk about a bass bar. The Bass bar is fitted well inside the top. This provides added weight and strength to the top plate. The top is then glued to the ribs and linings. This extra step should maintain to allow the instrument to avoid any future removal with minimal damage.

The back and the ribs are often built with a matching striped figure. These striped figures are known as a flame. The ends are also purfled; however, it is generally less noticed than the purfling on the front.

Neck and Scroll of the Violin

As we are serially describing a violin’s parts so now, We proceed to the neck and scroll of the violin. If you have seen a violin, then you have to like the shape of the neck.  The neck and scroll are slightly carved from maple as one piece. The neck and scroll provide an actual weight to the body for resonance. And it helps to balance the importance of the product and the carrier.

The luthier then carves the fingerboard, made from ebony, to fit on top of the neck. Notches are made at the top of the fingerboard to hold the violin strings in position. In general, the neck is not varnished so well. However, it is polished and lightly sealed to allow rapidity of shifting and ease of use. And so you can randomly use it. Once the neck is in place, the violin maker carves holes into the box under the scroll for the pegs so that strings can be held in place and tuned.

Varnishing the Violin

It is not like you to buy a violin and keep it open without taking any care. This negligence will make your instrument fragile, and it will look so old. So the first step you need to maintain for a stable output is to varnish it. But before varnish, first, attach glue on it. Then after careful gluing and positioning of the different parts, varnish the violin with a smooth finish.

There are other methods on how a violin is varnished, including exposing the violin to sunlight for several hours. You can be done with a professional hand. Generally, for varnishing all instruments. There is a sealer. It isthen applied to the violin. After this, the varnish is coated several times until it gives a good shine. These may include clear and colored varnish.

Additionally, you can use an okay amount combination of abrasives such as rottenstone and pumice. Use them to ribbon the violin’s surface. It will also give your instrument a healthy glow and smooth finish. But the remarkable fact is that there is a part of the neck which is not varnished. Because generally, it is stained and smoothened from the first day of manufacturing.

Bridge of the Violin

Another portion of the violin is the bridge. We don’t value this part much, but do you know it works like a significant part. It is the connecting part of a neck and fingerboard. Therefore don’t ever neglect the part. The bridge transmits the vibration of the strings to the body. And offers a clean sound. Otherwise, the sound will be so harsh and unpleasant.

This part of the violin is made of maple wood, and it is accurately cut with prominent slits to hold the strings. It also has a  curve like a neck on its top, which contains the lines at the body’s appropriate height. Besides these, the bridge allows each string to play separately with the bow.

Tailpiece for Violin

The tailpiece is one of the last parts of the violin to be assembled. But don’t think that it is not an important part.Tailpiece works like an intermediary. It has a vital role when finally the strings are ready to be attached, and then you should connect the tailpiece to the button at the bottom of the violin and then held in place by the tension of the strings. The long tailpiece is also made from many materials such as wood, carbon fiber, metal, or plastic. Most of the average quality tailpiece comes with a wooden finish.

FAQ about What are violins made of

Which is the most valuable violin in the world

Guarneri violin is the most expensive violin in the world. It is an old piece of musical instrument. You can say that it is 273 years old, which is mainly older than the whole United States of America. On the other hand, it has become one of the most expensive violin brands in the world. If you want to buy it, then you have to pay 16 million dollars. But the surprising fact is that it has an anonymous owner who gives it to Anne Aikko as a loan for her whole life.

What are violin strings made of?

A violin generally comes with four strings. They are known as E; A, D, G. They are made from various materials, including catgut (sheep intestine), nylon, and steel. Usually, the strings are made of metal strings. They are so thin and lightweight.

Do violins have metal strings

There are three types of columns in a violin. They Are

(1) Metal Strings Metal strings – also called steel core strings – are a widespread choice for violinists, as they produce a bright, full sound when played with proper technique. Folk and jazz musicians in particular and electric violin players, usually favor metal strings because of their volume capacity and durability.

(2) Gut StringsHistorically, violin strings were created by using sheep intestines, sometimes wrapped with silver or copper wire. Although gut strings are not as prevalent today, some classical violinists still prefer this type because of their warm, complex tone. However, they are very susceptible to humidity changes and require more regular tuning, as well as time to settle and stretch out once they’re in place. They are also more expensive and don’t last as the other string types.

(3)  Synthetic StringsSynthetic strings made from high-tech nylon and other composite materials were introduced in the 1970s. Because of their quick response time to pressure, they are an excellent option for beginners. Synthetic strings offer the same warm tone found with gut strings but don’t require as much upkeep, making them a perfect opportunity for beginners

Final Thoughts for what wood are violins made of

So our query was, what are violins made of. But you won’t get any specific answer if this question. Because nowadays everything has changed and so does with violins. Different manufacturing companies use different kinds of o materials. You may identify from a shop.

At the same time, Violins have an intricate construction. It takes time and talent to build a fine violin that can be used for ages, which is why well-made violins that are centuries old sell for millions of dollars.

A common question many violinists have is whether they should buy a handmade or factory-made violin. The answer is pretty straightforward if you buy an older version and authentic shop, you will find the Handmade one. On the contrary, all the musical instrument shops nowadays sell factory-made violin.