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You should know about when was the violin invented
All music instruments are famous for any musician. They have different histories. I know to know all of them is a pretty tough job. But some curious minds are interested to know when was the violin invented.
That’s why today I designed the article to inform you about the history of violence. So stay tuned with us and know about your favorite violin.
The history of violin
The violin is known as the queen of all musical instruments, especially among string-based instruments. It isn’t accessible to exact identity that when the violin was invented. Some famous name comes along with the history of the piano58. Significantly, the rabab and rebec are noticeable. They are Arabian and e to Spain, over time they invented the violin.
However, it is apparent that the violone never goes through any systematic improvements over time, but it suddenly came into the light in 1550 with the latest form.
But the matter of sorrow is that all these initial instruments are not in existence nowadays.W only use the modern violin., You will find them in history, and that’s why it is challenging to know the history of the violin. And for the primary -0history, you only depend on the images.
The ancient time
000000000000+-Basically it is unknown when the first violin was invented. The history says the first invention of violin finds in Sri Lanka at 5000 BCE, was the ravanastron. This initial form of the instrument had one, 22 inches long string that is spanned by three octaves. Do you know what the specialty of this string is? It is pretty the same in the aspect of the string length and tonal range of all four contemporary violin’s strings.
In the early time, most the people used stringed instruments. Even the Greek kithara and Chinese erhu used these string for more than decades. Mainly the first string was under the chin while playing. It was a three-string became from the Middle East, and grab a fixed place in the middle of the 10th century.
Middle Ages of violin
At the initial phase, the instruments were designed to use with a bow. The bow is for the ease of use and most probably it appeared in the 9th century AD all over Central Asia.
At the same time in Europe, musicians used Lira (a particular form) also with two ways of specially designed because of the bowed stringed instruments from the first phase of the 10th century.
Lira da Braccio of Violin
The name Lira came from many Cretan and Byzantine instruments. However, the term ” lira da Breccia” was a particular type in which the performers use arms to play the instrument.
Though the violin strings had a tuning system of fourths like in a modern violin, this version had some significant limitations, that’s why this version couldn’t continue its performance.
Additionally, the musicians use a chordal instrument, but there some chords did not work because of the mechanism.
Rebec of Violin
You will be surprised to know that Muslims played a significant role in the history of the violin. They concentrated on it after the Muslim conquest of Spain.
At that time, rebec came to Western Europe. Another option was that the instrument was developed in this country during the Muslim Conquest from the two-string rabab that musicians kept upright while playing.
This version had the similarity with the lyre, and it had three specific strings that were tuned to the fifths. Famous musicians supported the performance due to it has the facility to hang it on the chest or the shoulder during playing in the standing position. So this version was convenient to use. But the specific version has some limitations too—That’s why inventors tried to give a better performance.
Fiddle of Violin
The fiddle is another version. Mainly female was a version which came into trend in the early13th-century. The fiddle is also known as French Vielle. It has the design of the first rebec version. It existed in numerous types; there were enough strings like three to five strings in most cases. It had a flat smooth back and clearly defined frame, which is made from one piece of wood.
The version was best for its agility, and it was popular with medieval troubadours because they prefer to play the instrument on the left side.
Renaissance of Violin
The violin faced up-gradation with time. There were Two unique stringed instrument families were invented at the end of the 15th century. They are:
- Viola da Gamba: It is mainly used in the between of the knees while playing
- Viola da Braccio: Braccio is a square-shaped, three-string instrument which is designed to use with the left arm at shoulder proportionate o the height while playing
Moreover, The fixed violin came first in the history in Northern Italy from the version of viola da Braccio, somewhere between 1520 and 1550. This version was popular in Brescia, Venice, Milan, and Cremona.
The oldest violin had three-string with a long belt in 1542. Andrea Amati from Cremona invented it in 1542. He was a famous name in violin history. In 1555 he created another four-string instrument.
Brescia learned from a famous school of highly prized makers of string instruments and players from 1485. The first document where the violin was mentioned comes from Brescia in 1530. Jambe de Fer was the first who described the violin appearance and tuning in the Epitome Musicale from 1556.
Initially, the viola was a familiar instrument for aristocratic musicians. Besides them, folk and professional musicians played the violin.
And the most important fact is this new small stringed instrument became popular quickly and easily because of its unlimited expression.
The Golden Age of Violin
In the golden age, the violin emerged as a popular instrument in Italy. That’s why many violin-making schools emerged from 1600 to 1750. Among them, Amati’s sons’ Cremonese school played an influential role. Andrea Guarnieri and Antonio Stradivari were two famous names in the history of violins.
On the other hand, The Brescian school was the oldest in Italy, and you can say it was classy for more than a century before violin making began in Cremona. The most famous master craftsmen learning there were Gasparo da Salo and Giovanni Paolo Maggini. They have to change the typical ideas of the initial piano.
Antonio was a famous instrument maker of the golden age. He made some aristocratic designs of musical instruments. The number is approximately 1,100 instruments, including violins, violas, harps, cellos, and guitars during his lifetime. He designed the latest dimensions of the violin, which are praiseworthy in this era.
According to research, there are about 650 of his instruments still exist. And the fact is his manufacturing method is a mystery. Nobody knows about it, and no new technology can make a better version of his invention. This luthier made half of the most expensive violin model in the music industry. So you can understand that among all the music instruments Villon has some extra aristocracy.
Giuseppe’s instruments were familiar because of they had a sustaining tone. Though only 200 of the essential instrument survived, at last, their prices are a bit high. The best violin virtuoso of all time, Niccolò Paganini, played one of his violins.
Jacob Stainer’s violin-making school in the Tyrol made highly quality violins. Johann Sebastian Bach played one of their instruments.
A known violin maker named as Aegidius Klotz from Mittenwald designed many violins. He even modified the famous one, Mozart played. French musicians blindly trust Nicholas Médart. Daniel and Joseph Stadlmann to get the best violin. They were the best in Vienna. Though the most sophisticated violin makers were from England was Barak Norman, but nobody can replace the french configuration.
French dynasty was one of the best times for this instrument in the reign of France’s King Louis XIII. He founded the Royal orchestra, which is known as 24 Violins of the King (Les Vingt-quatre Violons du Roi). Then English’s King Charles II took his idea and ordered making the court orchestra for him too.
Modernization Of Violin
Well if you want to know when the piano was invented then read this part carefully. By the end of the 18th century, there came unwanted hazards like all the old violin-making schools closed their activities in Italy. This disturbance occurred when the violin industry was growing up. From that time The most famous violins were generally made from France, Mittenwald (Germany), Saxony (Germany), Austria, Bohemia (the Czech Republic), and Italy.
In 1786, Françoise Xavier Tourte invented the last version of the violin bow and standardized its weight and length.
Around the 18th century, various top violin makers started working again in France after the French Revolution. In that period, the bourgeoisie took the organization and financing musical events from the aristocracy.
They usually arrange the programs in large halls or centers, that is the first reason why they needed louder instruments with good sound quality. To solve this issue, new, violin makers changed this construction by adding thicker bows, more vital strings, and raised bridges. All these facilities increased string tension. The modern violins came in the market.
Later in the 1820s, the German composer Louis Spohr came with a modern version of chin-rest, which was more convenient for the left-hand movements.
Modern Times Of Violin
The violin is the most famous music instrument nowadays. However, modern musicians don’t prefer to make music with older instruments. However, it seems that many people have a fascination and cherished want to play it, and as you know, there is no limit to the updating of its new versions.
Moreover, at the beginning of the 20th century, the Romanian Stroh violin with trumpet-like bells used amplification before it became familiar to the musicians also.
On the other hand, in modern days, pop or folk musicians prefer to use an acoustic or automated violin. Most of the electric version violins are of seven strings which are easy to handle and provide a piece of moderate music
The eastern ancestors of violin
Arabian Rebec and Rabab came from in the middle east and played a significant role as ancestors of the violin. And in the East Erhu and Morin Knur were also famous as the ancestors. So you can say both of them are strongly related to the violin.
The viol, relatives of the violin
The violin was initially introduced to the world in the mid-sixteenth century; at that time; there was a similar-looking instrument. That was made during the fourteenth century called the viol. This viol achieved fame in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Moreover, if you take a look then may find that the violin and the viol coexisted in the Baroque period.
But Instruments that are fixed in the viol family, they did not have the f-shaped soundhole of the violin. But there is a C-shaped soundhole or even some more decorative shape which makes the viol more specific. The viol differs from the violin because it has six, seven, or more strings tuned in fourths (compared with the four series of the violin tuned in fifths), there was a fretted fingerboard and a relatively thick body. The thick body of the item made the sloping shoulder shape at the joint where the neck meets the body. So that it was more convenient to use. There are various sizes, but the Viola da Gamba, which has a lower register similar to that of the cello, was particularly famous.
when was the violin invented
The violin was first invented in the early 16th century in Italy. Violins are developed between the 15th and 16th centuries. But the history of bowed string instruments took place in the 9th century in Europe.
It was developed by Lira day Braccio, Rebec, and Vell. Due to their contribution violin come to the present stage. Beside them, Amati, Jacob stainer, Antonio Stradivari were famous for the violin structure. Even most of the manufacturers use their templates to make new pianos.
FAQ about the history of the violin
- What are the parts of a violin
- What is Rosin?
- How often violin strings should be changed?
Final word about when was the violin invented
Violin is undoubtedly one of the best options among all musical instruments. It is not mandatory to know when was the violin invented. But as a musician, it will increase your attachment with the tool. So we have tried our best to inform you of the history of the violin. I hope you will find it more helpful. And if you are interested to know more about any other instruments then don’t forget to knock us. We will try to serve you—the best.